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King: The Ultimate Destination for Fun and Free Online Games

What is a king?

A king is a male sovereign or monarch who rules over a country or a territory by right of birth or election. The term king can also refer to the most important or influential person or thing in a certain field or domain. For example, one can speak of the king of rock music, the king of the jungle, or the king of chess. The female equivalent of a king is a queen, who can either rule in her own right (queen regnant) or be the wife or widow of a king (queen consort or queen dowager). In some cases, however, the title of king has been given to females who ruled as monarchs, such as Mary I of England and Jadwiga of Poland.


The origin and evolution of kingship

Kingship is one of the oldest forms of government in human history. It emerged from various social and cultural factors that shaped different societies across time and space. Kingship can be seen as a way of organizing political authority, legitimizing social hierarchy, expressing religious beliefs, and fulfilling human needs for security, order, and identity.

Ancient kingship

Some of the earliest examples of kingship can be found in ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, Greece, Rome, Persia, and others. These civilizations developed complex systems of administration, law, religion, art, literature, science, and technology under the rule of powerful kings who claimed divine or semi-divine status. Some notable ancient kings include:

  • Pharaoh Khufu (c. 25892566 BCE), who built the Great Pyramid at Giza

  • King Hammurabi (c. 17921750 BCE), who codified the first written law code in Mesopotamia

210 BCE), who unified China and built the Great Wall

  • King Ashoka (c. 304232 BCE), who spread Buddhism throughout India and beyond

  • King Alexander the Great (356323 BCE), who conquered most of the known world from Greece to India

  • Emperor Augustus (63 BCE14 CE), who established the Roman Empire and ushered in the Pax Romana

  • King Cyrus the Great (c. 600530 BCE), who founded the Persian Empire and respected the rights and cultures of his subjects

Medieval kingship

After the collapse of the ancient empires, new forms of kingship emerged in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. These forms were influenced by various factors such as feudalism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Confucianism, tribalism, and nationalism. Some of the challenges that medieval kings faced were defending their lands from invaders, expanding their territories through conquest or diplomacy, maintaining loyalty and obedience from their vassals and subjects, resolving conflicts and disputes among their nobles and clergy, and reforming their laws and institutions. Some notable medieval kings include:

  • King Charlemagne (c. 742814), who united most of Western Europe under his rule and promoted education and culture

  • King Alfred the Great (849899), who defended England from the Viking invasions and fostered learning and justice

  • King Mansa Musa (c. 12801337), who ruled over the Mali Empire in West Africa and made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca

  • King Genghis Khan (c. 11621227), who founded the Mongol Empire and conquered most of Asia and parts of Europe

  • King Henry VIII (14911547), who broke away from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England

  • King Louis XIV (16381715), who epitomized the absolute monarchy and built the Palace of Versailles

Modern kingship

In the modern era, kingship has undergone significant changes due to various factors such as democracy, nationalism, colonialism, revolution, industrialization, globalization, and human rights. Some of the roles that modern kings play are representing their countries in international affairs, acting as constitutional heads of state, serving as symbols of national identity and unity, promoting social and cultural causes, and supporting charitable and humanitarian activities. Some notable modern kings include:

  • King George III (17381820), who ruled over Great Britain and its colonies during the American Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars

  • King Chulalongkorn (18531910), who modernized Thailand and prevented it from being colonized by European powers

  • King Haile Selassie I (18921975), who led Ethiopia against Italian invasion and became a symbol of African independence

  • King Juan Carlos I (b. 1938), who restored democracy in Spain after the Franco dictatorship and facilitated its transition to a modern European nation

  • King Bhumibol Adulyadej (19272016), who reigned over Thailand for 70 years and was revered as a father figure by his people

  • King Abdullah II (b. 1962), who rules over Jordan and plays a key role in promoting peace and stability in the Middle East

The functions and symbols of kingship

Kingship is not only a form of government but also a form of culture. Kings perform various functions and use various symbols to express their authority and legitimacy. These functions and symbols vary depending on the context and tradition of each king.

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The king as a ruler

One of the main functions of a king is to rule over his country or territory. This means that he has the power to make laws, enforce justice, collect taxes, appoint officials, grant titles, issue decrees, etc. The king also has the responsibility to protect his people from external threats and internal disorders. To perform this function, the king relies on various symbols such as:

  • The crown, which represents his sovereignty and dignity

  • The scepter, which represents his authority and command

  • The throne, which represents his seat of power and judgment

  • The palace, which represents his residence and administration

  • The coat of arms, which represents his lineage and identity

The king as a leader

to lead his people in various aspects of life. This means that he has the influence to inspire and mobilize his people, to set goals and visions, to shape values and norms, to foster cooperation and harmony, etc. The king also has the obligation to serve his people's interests and welfare, to listen to their opinions and grievances, to address their needs and problems, etc. To perform this function, the king relies on various symbols such as:

  • The flag, which represents his nation and its unity

  • The anthem, which represents his culture and its spirit

  • The speech, which represents his voice and its message

  • The ceremony, which represents his tradition and its meaning

  • The medal, which represents his recognition and its honor

The king as a mediator

A third function of a king is to mediate between his people and their gods. This means that he has the role to communicate and negotiate with the divine powers, to perform rituals and sacrifices, to interpret signs and omens, to uphold laws and morals, etc. The king also has the duty to ensure his people's spiritual well-being and salvation, to protect them from evil and calamity, to bless them with prosperity and happiness, etc. To perform this function, the king relies on various symbols such as:

  • The temple, which represents his sacred space and its sanctity

  • The altar, which represents his offering and its gratitude

  • The prayer, which represents his petition and its faith

  • The oracle, which represents his consultation and its wisdom

  • The relic, which represents his connection and its holiness

The king as a figurehead

A fourth function of a king is to act as a figurehead for his country or territory. This means that he has the position to represent his country or territory in the eyes of the world, to embody its history and identity, to express its values and ideals, etc. The king also has the privilege to enjoy the respect and admiration of his people and other nations, to receive the honors and gifts of foreign dignitaries, to participate in international events and organizations, etc. To perform this function, the king relies on various symbols such as:



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